Shark

Headington history: Listed Buildings/Structures

Go backwards
Go forwards

Three Milestones on the London Road


Mileston at Thornhill

LI
Miles From
London
III
Miles To
OXFORD

Near the turn-off to
Thornhill Park & Ride

See exact location!

List entry: 1047572

Milestone near Wharton Road

LII
Miles From
London
II
Miles To
Oxford

South side of
London Road,
near Wharton Road

List entry: 1369694

Milestone, top of Headington Hill

LIII
Miles From
London
I
Mile To
OXFORD

Top of
Headington Hill,
near reservoir

List entry: 1046589

There are three milestones dating from about 1795 in Headington beside the London-Oxford main road, which was originally known as the Stokenchurch Turnpike but is now the Headington Road and London Road. They are all at the south side of the road (thus benefiting visitors coming in from London).

The three stones above are markers which Turnpike Trusts were obliged to erect at every mile along a turnpike road under the Turnpike Act of 1795. This enabled travellers to check that they were getting proper value for their tolls, as the distance between toll-gates should be exactly six miles. Headington had one of these toll-gates across the London Road, stretching between what is now Chancellor’s and Oxford Design. (Oxford Design occupies the old Co-op building which was erected on the site of the demolished toll-house in 1893.)

The three Headington milestones are part of an unbroken run of thirteen milestones that survive on the old London to Worcester road. The first of these twelve can be seen at Wheatley, and the last at Begbroke. On the stretch of the road that runs through Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, 37 milestones survive in all.


The rest of the milestones in this sequence

The roads between Headington and London

© Stephanie Jenkins

Headington home Shark Oxford History home