Shark

Headington history: Schools

Go backwards
Go forwards

The Free School at Quarry


The Free School

The first free school for the children of Headington opened in 1807 in a wooden building next to the Chequers Inn in Quarry. The engraving below, dating from around 1820, shows how close the school was to the quarry to the east.

Free School and Quarry

Mather board

Until 1849 Quarry was an outlying part of the parish of St Andrew’s Church, and the school served the whole of its parish, from the top of Headington Hill to Sandhills. The  wooden plaque (above) fixed to the south wall of the Baptistry of St Andrew’s Church reads:

BENEFACTIONS. Mrs Catherine Mather who died the 12th of March 1807, by her last Will and Testament bequeathed to the Vicar and Church-Wardens of this Parish the Sum of Four Hundred Pounds, the interest of which is to be applied for ever to provide Instruction in reading and writing, and to purchase Books, for Six poor Boys and Six poor Girls, residing in this Parish; and also the sum of Twenty Pounds to be distributed among the Poor immediately after her decease.

Catherine Mather, who died in Headington on 12 March 1807, was the daughter of the Revd Dr John Mather, President of Corpus Christi College from 1714/15 to 1748, who leased Mather’s Farm in Headington. As well as the £400 she gave to St Andrew’s Church to fund the education of twelve children in the parish “for ever”, she left £400 to provide necessaries for the prisoners in the county and city gaols.

Almost immediately St Andrew’s Church soon started to pay for the education of another 18 Headington children: in a letter dated 29 April 1808 the Vicar of Headington wrote to the Bishop of Oxford saying that the Free School “consists of 30 Scholars, 12 of whom are supported by a legacy of the late Mrs Mather amounting to £20 per annum, the remainder I pay for myself.”

When Headington National School opened on the London Road in 1847, the church transferred its financial support there, and the Free School in Quarry continued with just the twelve Mather scholars.

The Master of the Free School from 1828 until he died in 1874 at the age of 88 was James Waring, a man of humble origins: he had been a milkman in 1825 and a labourer in 1826. As well as being schoolmaster, from the1840s until his death he was also Headington’s postmaster. The school closed immediately when he died, and an impressive gravestone was placed in St Andrew’s churchyard by “some of the inhabitants of Headington” as a sign of their esteem and gratitude to him.

Despite Mrs Mather’s desire that the money should educate Headington’s children “for ever”, the money, which had been invested in canal shares, dwindled away. It was used to fund prizes at Headington National School from 1874 to 1902, and then vanished.

© Stephanie Jenkins

Headington home Shark Oxford History home