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Headington history: Descriptions

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Headington in the Domesday Book in 1086


Here is the entry for Headington from the Domesday Book of 1086:

Domesday Book

It translates as follows, sentence by sentence. The abbreviations in the original Latin above have been spelt out in full below, but not the roman numerals:

Line
1

REX tenet HEDINTONE.
Ibi sunt X hidae.

THE KING holds HEADINGTON.
There are ten hides there.1

Lines
2–3

In dominio [?modo] VI carucae
et XX villani cum XXIIII bordariis habent XIIII carucas ibi.

In lordship six ploughs and 20 villagers with 24 bordage tenants2 have 14 ploughs there.3

Line
3

II molini de L solidis
et
V piscariae de XX solidis.

Two mills4 at 50 shillings
and five fisheries5 at 20 shillings.

Line
4

De pratis et pasculis IIII librae.
De annona anni VIII librae.

From meadows and pastures £4.
From the year’s corn £8.

Line
5

De helvewecha XXX solidi.
De circieto X solidi et VI denarii.

From “half-week” 30s.
From church tax 10s 6d.

Line
6

De aliis consuetudinibus
C solidi et XXV denarii.

From other customary dues
100s and 25d.

Lines
6–7

Hidas rethit sibi duorum HUNDREDORUM soca pertinentes huic manerio Ricard de Curci de XVI

The Jurisdiction (soca or soke) of two HUNDREDS6 belongs to this manor: Richard de Courcy withdraws for himself [the Jurisdiction] of 16 hides.

Line
8

In toto reddit LX libras […] numeru'.

In total it pays £60 [a year at] face value.7

Notes

1. A hide was a land unit, reckoned as 120 acres; so Headington in 1086 was measured at 1,200 acres.

2. Bordars or bordage tenants were peasants with more land than a cottager, but less than a villager.

3. The Open Domesday Project describes a total population of 44 as being very large.

4. Headington in 1086 stretched down to the River Cherwell, and one of its two mills was the King's Mill on the River Cherwell.

5. The fisheries were presumably also situated on the east side of the River Cherwell.

6. Headington was the head of the Bullingdon Hundred (also spelt Buleden, Bulesdon, or Bulledon) In 1086 this comprised (as well as the Royal Vill of Headington itself) Ambrosden, Arncot, Little Baldon, Marsh Baldon, Toot Baldon, Beckley, Chippinghurst, Cowley, Cuddesdon, Wood Eaton, Elsfield, Forest Hill, Garsington, Holton, Horspath, Iffley, Merton, Nuneham Courtenay, Piddington, Sandford-on-Thames, Shotover, Stanton St John, Thornley, Waterperry, and Woodperry, as well as Holywell and Walton in the city of Oxford. The second Hundred over which Headington has jurisdiction is probably the Soterlawa Hundred (also spelt Soterlawa), which is last found in official records in 1219.

7. The value of the Manor of Headington at £60 was equal to that of Oxford itself.

The Manor of Headington remained with the King until it was sold to Hugh de Pluggenait in 1142.


See also Headington on Open Domesday

© Stephanie Jenkins

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