First World War in Headington and Marston, Oxford

Gerald JUDGE (1890–1916)

Gerald Judge

Gerald Judge was born at Ardley near Bicester in 1890. He was the son of Charles Henry Judge (known as Henry and born at Fewcott in Oxfordshire in 1857, reg. fourth quarter) and Mary Hannah Harris (born at Ardley in 1859, reg. second quarter).

His parents were married in the Bicester registration district in the fourth quarter of 1879 and had eleven children:

  • Cyril Judge (born at Ardley in 1880/1, reg. first quarter of 1881)
  • Aubrey Judge (born at Ardley in 1882, reg. third quarter)
  • Lawrence Judge (born at Ardley in 1884, reg. second quarter)
  • May Judge (born at Ardley in 1886, reg. second quarter)
  • Arthur Herbert Judge (born at Ardley in 1888/9, reg. first quarter of 1889)
  • Gerald Judge (born at Ardley in 1890, reg. fourth quarter)
  • Everard Judge (born at Ardley in 1892, reg. second quarter)
  • Ronald Melville Judge (born at Ardley in 1893/4, reg. first quarter of 1894)
  • Nesta Olive Judge (born at Ardley in 1896, reg. second quarter)
  • Evelyn Judge (born at Ardley in 1898, reg. third quarter)
  • Winifred Judge (born at Ardley in 1901/2, reg. first quarter of 1902).

At the time of the 1881 census Gerald’s parents were living at Upper Heyford with their first child, Cyril, and his father was described as a carpenter.

By the time of the 1891 census, when Gerald was a five-month-old baby, his father was a wheelwright, and the family was living in Somerton Road, Ardley, the home of Mrs Hannah Judge (75), Gerald’s widowed great-aunt. There were already had six children, but the two eldest were staying with grandparents who lived nearby: Cyril (10) was with his maternal grandmother, and Aubrey (8) with his paternal grandparents.

By 1901 when Gerald was ten years old, his father was the head of the household in Ardley and described as a farm carpenter. Gerald’s brother Lawrence (16) was working as a plough boy, and his two oldest brothers had already left home: Cyril (20) was a railway porter, and Aubrey (18) was a metal worker, and they were both boarding with William Ellis in Edgbaston. His sister May (15) was in service as a nursemaid to the family of the surgeon George Colborne at 133 Woodstock Road, Oxford.

At the time of the 1911 census Gerald was a footman to the shipowner James Henry Scott at 5 Prince’s Gate in Mayfair. His parents were still at Ardley in 1911 with three of their children, namely Lawrence (26), who was a farm labourer, and Evelyn (12) and William (9), who were still at school.

Gerald must have volunteered for the army, because he was already a soldier and based in Horsham at the time of his marriage in early 1915.

♥ On 6 February 1915 at St Andrew’s Church, Old Headington, Gerald Judge married Ethel Florence Taylor. Ethel (born in Headington on 2 February 1887 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 27 March 1887) was the daughter of the Headington carpenter William Taylor and his laundress wife Sarah: she grew up in New Headington, first at 7 Bateman Street and then at Brendon House at 49 Windmill Road. Although the latter address was in the parish of Holy Trinity Church in Headington Quarry, the wedding indicates that the family favoured St Andrew’s Church.

As Judge was already serving in the war, his wife continued to live at her parents’ house, 49 Windmill Road, after her marriage. They were only married for a year and do not appear to have had any children.

Poppy In the First World War Gerald Judge served as a Private in the 22nd Battalion of the Royal Fusiliers (Service No. 904), and was killed in action in France at the age of 26 on 24 May 1916.

Gerald Judge is buried at the Zouave Valley Cemetery in Souchez (II. D. 12), and his war grave there has the added words “THY WILL BE DONE”. (Only 40% of war headstones bear an inscription such as this near their base: the main inscription was free, but families had to pay 3½d per letter for a personal message.)

Although Judge is remembered on the roll of honour of St Andrew’s Church, he never really lived in Headington for any length of time, and his army records give his residence at the time of his death as his parents’ home in Ardley.


St Andrew's memorial board

Gerald’s widow
  • Mrs Ethel Florence Judge initially remained with her parents at Brendon House, 49 Windmill Road. On 17 July 1921 at Holy Trinity Church in Headington Quarry, when she was 34, she married Rufus Bertie Allsopp (30), a metal worker of Aston Road in Birmingham.
Gerald’s parents
  • Charles Henry Judge died at the age of 83 (death reg. in the Chipping Norton registration district first quarter of 1941)
  • Mary Hannah Judge died at the age of 79 (death reg. in the Ploughley registration district in the first quarter of 1939)

See also
  • CWGC: Judge, Gerald
  • Oxford Journal Illustrated, 5 July 1916, “Heroes of the War”: photograph of G. Judge, who had recently been killed (shown above with kind permission of Oxfordshire County Council, Oxfordshire History Centre)
  • Oxford Chronicle, 30 June 1916: Photograph of G. Judge of Windmill Road
  • “The Long, Long Trail” entry on the Royal Fusiliers

Back to St Andrew’s Church, Old Headington roll of honour

Back to War Memorials page on Headington Community Website