First World War in Headington and Marston, Oxford

Frederick Peter Peverell HAZELL (1896–1918)

Frederick Hazell

Frederick Peter Peverell Hazell was born in Summertown on 9 April 1896, the son of Thomas John Hazell (born in Kidlington in 1861 and baptised there on 22 November) and Charlotte Emily Peverell (born in Bletchingdon in 1863 and baptised there on 11 January).

Frederick’s parents are likely to have met in the Kidlington area where they were both brought up, but five months before their marriage, at the time of the 1881 census, Frederick’s mother Charlotte Peverell (18) was working as a servant at 35 Wellington Square (and must already have been pregnant), while his father Thomas John Hazell (19) was working for the Great Western Railway as a railway porter and lodging in Appleford (a GWR station) with a railway signalman and his family.

On 22 August 1881 at Bletchingdon, Thomas John Hazell, who was living at South Moreton (where there was another GWR station) married Charlotte Emily Peverell. They had fifteen children:

  • Jessie Emily Lisetta Hazell (born in Bletchingdon in 1881 and baptised there on 30 October)
  • Constance Charlotte Hazell (born in North Moreton, Berkshire in 1882/3, reg. first quarter of 1883)
  • Frank James Peverell Hazell (born in Burbage, Wiltshire in 1884, birth registration not obvious)
  • Hugh George P. Hazell (born in Burbage, Wiltshire in 1885/6, birth and death reg. there in first quarter of 1886)
  • Faith Alice Hazell (born in Burbage, Wiltshire in 1886/7, reg. first quarter of 1887)
  • Lucy Hazell (born in Burbage, Wiltshire in 1888, reg. fourth quarter; died Lambeth 1908)
  • George Peverell Hazell (born in Burbage, Wiltshire in 1890, reg. second quarter)
  • Mabel Rose Hazell (born in Burbage, Wiltshire in 1892, reg. fourth quarter)
  • Hilda Agnes Hazell (born in Burbage, Wiltshire on 5 April 1894)
  • Frederick Peter Peverell Hazell (born in Summertown on 9 April 1896 and baptised at Wolvercote on 24 May)
  • Ena Pearl Hazell (known as Pearl, born at South Parade, Summertown in 1898 and baptised at St Michael & All Angels Church there on 11 September)
  • Thomas Peverell Hazell (born in South Parade, Summertown on 11 September 1899 and baptised at St Michael & All Angels Church there on 4 May 1900)
  • Eva Annie Hazell (born at 9 South Parade, Summertown in 1901 and baptised at St Michael & All Angels Church there on 11 October)
  • Ronald Peverell Hazell (born at 54 Stratfield Road and baptised at St Michael & All Angels Church in Summertown on 24 October)
  • Ethel Margaret Hazell (born at 54 Stratfield Road, Summertown in 1905 and baptised at St Michael & All Angels Church there on 12 May).

Frederick’s parents began their married life in 1881 in Bletchingdon, probably with Charlotte’s parents. By the end of the next year, they had moved to North Moreton in Berkshire (which again was on the GWR line).

By 1887 the family had moved to Burbage in Wiltshire: the GWR Reading to Plymouth line ran through this village. The 1891 census shows them living at the High Street in Burbage with their first six surviving children. Frederick’s father was now a railway signalman.

By early 1896 the family had moved to Summertown in Oxford, and the 1901 census shows the family living at 9 South Parade. Frederick (4) was then at school, his father was still a railway signalman, and his brother Frank (16), the eldest sibling still at home, was working as a college servant.

By 1902 they had moved to 54 Stratfield Road in Summertown, and were still there at the time of the 1911 census, when Frederick (14) was himself now also working with the Great Western Railway as a porter, while his sister Mabel (18) was a housemaid and Hilda (17) a kitchenmaid.

In 1910 Frederick’s sister Constance had married Henry John Langham (an older man who had been married twice before), and by 1913 the couple had moved up to the present 121 London Road. This was then numbered 8 Westbourne Terrace or 43 London Road, and was in St Andrew’s parish. It seems that Frederick lodged with them, especially as Henry Langham also worked for the GWR. The photograph below shows Westbourne Terrace to the west of Bury Knowle Park when it was a row of homes rather than shops.

Westbourne Terrace

By the time of the war, Frederick was working for the GWR as a district lampman in the Oxford Traffic Department.

Poppy In the First World War Frederick Peter Peverell Hazell originally enlisted in the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry (Service No. 29044), and then served as a Private in the 9th Battalion of the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers (Service No. 47012). He died of wounds in France at the age of 22 on 17 September 1918. According to members of the family, one of Frederick’s comrades visited his mother after the war and told her the circumstances of her son’s death. Apparently he had been in hospital suffering from laryngitis, but was taken out to fight in the front line. On returning to safety at night he was challenged at the gate by the sentry, and as he could not speak he was thought to be the enemy, and shot.

Hazell was buried in La Kreule Military Cemetery, Hazebrouck (III.E.6), and his war grave there has the added words “REST IN PEACE”. (Only 40% of war headstones bear an inscription such as this near their base: the main inscription was free, but families had to pay 3½d per letter for a personal message.)

He is remembered on the Roll of Honour of St Andrew’s Church, Old Headington.

Frederick’s address at death was given as his parents' home at 54 Stratfield Road, as his parents were his official next of kin.

Frederick’s sister’s stepson, Hubert John Whittingham Langham, who also lived at 113 London Road, came back to England wounded and died just over three months later on 1 December 1918.

Frederick’s first cousin on his mother’s side, Arthur Hubert Morris, who lived in St Margaret’s parish in north Oxford, also died in the war at the age of 19 on 25 April 1918.


St Andrew's memorial board

Frederick’s parents
  • Thomas John Hazell died at 54 Stratfield Road, Summertown at the age of 68 on 2 July 1926.
  • Mrs Charlotte Emily Hazell died at 54 Stratfield Road at the age of 66 on 3 February 1929.
Frederick’s sisters
  • Constance Charlotte Hazell (born 1882/3) married the widower Henry John Langham in Summertown Church on 1 January 1910. They lived in Headington, and had two children: Henry Hazell Langham (born in Headington on 19 September 1913 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 12 October) and Dorothy Constance Langham (born in Headington on 24 September 1920 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 17 October).
  • Eva Annie Hazell (born 1901) married John Waters, a railwayman of Cholsey, at Summertown Church on 2 April 1927. They had two children whose births were registered. in the Headington/Oxford registration district: Grace M. Waters (second quarter of 1930) and Alan J. Waters (second quarter of 1933).
  • Ethel Margaret Hazell (born 1905) married William Henry Lay, a motor mechanic of Headington, at Summertown Church on 14 September 1928. They had two children whose births were both registered in the Oxford district: Margaret J. Lay (first quarter of 1937) and Martin D. Lay (third quarter of 1945).

See also

Back to St Andrew’s Church, Old Headington roll of honour

Back to War Memorials page on Headington Community Website