First World War in Headington and Marston, Oxford

John (Jack) Bernard GARDNER (1888–1918)

Some of this information is repeated under the entry for Jack’s brother Frank Gardner, who also died in the war

John Bernard Gardner (known as Jack) was born in Headington in 1888, the son of Charles Gardner or Gardiner (born in Headington in 1859) and Mary Ann Walker (born in Wheatley in 1850). His parents were married at St Andrew’s Church on 20 April 1881 and had seven children:

  • Walter Joseph Gardner (born in Headington on 26 September 1881 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 27 November)
  • William Henry Gardner (born in Headington on 23 July 1883 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 30 September)
  • Frederick Charles Gardner (born in Headington on 15 May 1886 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 25 July)
  • John Bernard Gardner (born in Headington on 5 July 1888 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 30 September)
  • Fanny Caroline Sarah Gardner (born in Headington on 14 February 1891 and privately baptised by St Andrew's Church on 14 April):
    died aged fourteen weeks and buried in Headington Cemetery on 28 May
  • Christopher Robert Gardner (born in Headington on 14 July 1892 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 16 October)
  • Frank Herbert Gardner (born in Headington on 9 September 1895 and baptised at St Andrew’s Church on 5 July).

At the time of the 1891 census Jack (2) was living in New High Street with his mother Mary Ann (30) and his older siblings. Walter (9), William (7), and Frederick (5). His father Charles, who was a bricklayer's labourer, was away on census night.

At the time of the 1901 census Jack (12) was at home in New High Street with his father Charles (44), his mother Mary (50) and his five surviving siblings: Walter (19) and William (17), who were bricklayer's labourers; Frederick (14), who was a milk errand boy; and Christopher (9) and Frank (5).

On 9 June 1910 New High Street was taken out of St Andrew's parish, and from now on was in the new parish of All Saints.

In 1911 Jack (22) was a waggoner on a farm and was living at New High Street (probably at No. 62) with his father Charles who was still a bricklayer's labourer, his mother Mary, and his five brothers: Walter (29) and William (27) were also bricklayer's labourers; Frederick (24) was a cowman on a farm; Christopher (18) was a general labourer; and Frank (15) was an errand boy

Poppy In the First World War Jack Gardner served as a Private in the 10th Battalion of the Worcestershire Regiment (Service No. 201902). He was killed in action in France on 22 March 1918 at the age of 30.

He is buried in the Beaumetz Cross Roads Cemetery at Beaumetz-Les-Cambrai, and is remembered on the Roll of Honour of All Saints’ Church, Highfield.

His brother Frank had been killed seven months earlier on 22 August 1917.


All Saints' board

Jack’s parents
  • Mrs Mary Gardner died in 1925 at the age of 75 at her New High Street home and was buried at Headington Cemetery on 20 October.
  • Charles Gardner died on 22 September 1936 at the age of 78 in the London Road Hospital (The Laurels, formerly Headington Workhouse). He was described as a builder’s foreman at the time of his death.
Jack’s brother
  • Frank Herbert Gardner (born in Headington in 1895) also died in the First World War: see separate entry.

Back to War Memorials page on Headington Community Website