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Mrs Adeline Kingscote, née Wolff (“Lucas Cleeve”) (1860–1908)

Bury Knowle House

Mrs Adeline Georgiana Isabella Kingscote née Wolff (latterly Drummond-Wolff) (1860–1908) was a novelist who used the pen-name “Lucas Cleeve”. She wrote her first four novels while living at Bury Knowle House in Headington (right) from 1895 to 1899.

Although she lived there with her husband and three children for only four years, she left a trail of devastation in her wake, which included the ruin and resignation of the Vicar of St Andrew’s Church.

Mrs Kingscote was the daughter of Sir Henry Drummond Charles Wolff and Adeline Douglas, who were both living in Florence when they were married in the Consul’s office at Leghorn 1853. The unusual background of both her parents helps to explain her character.

Background of Mrs Kingscote’s father
Sir Henry Drummond Charles Wolff (1830–1908)

Henry Drummond Charles Wolff was the only child of the Revd Joseph Wolff (a Rabbi’s son who converted from Judaism to Christianity) by his first wife Lady Georgiana Mary Walpole (daughter of Horatio Walpole, the Seventh Earl of Orford). He was named after the banker Henry Drummond, who had helped his father financially.

Henry later adopted the surname Drummond-Wolff because he was embarrassed by his father’s origins and ideas, and never spoke of him.

At the time of the 1841 census Henry was boarding at a school in Alms House Lane, Wakefield. He went on to Rugby School, which he left in 1846 at the age of sixteen to study foreign languages abroad. He then became a clerk in the Foreign Office in 1849, employed in deciphering despatches. In 1852 he served as attaché to the British legation in Florence, and that is probably where he met the mysterious Adeline Douglas.

In 1853 Henry Drummond-Wolff brought his new wife Adeline back to London when he returned to work at the Foreign Office as private secretary of Lord Malmesbury, the Conservative foreign secretary. Their first child, Horace Henry Drummond-Wolff, was born in London in 1858, and in October of that year Wolff became the private secretary of Sir Edward Bulwer Lytton, the colonial secretary.

For fuller details (including portraits), see the entry for Sir Henry Drummond Charles Wolff and for his father Joseph Wolff in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography

Background of Mrs Kingscote’s mother
Adeline “Douglas” (1826/7–1916)

Lady Drummond-Wolff (née Adeline Douglas) is variously described in the censuses as having been born in Brussels, Scotland, and London. Her census age also varies, making her year of birth anything between 1832 and 1840; in fact, however, not only was she older than her husband (having been born in 1826/7), but her whole existence may have been a deceit, as her alleged father, Walter Sholto Douglas, does not appear to have existed.

In her book Mary Diana Dods, A Gentleman and a Scholar (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1991), Betty T. Bennett puts forward a convincing argument that Walter Sholto Douglas was in fact a woman, Mary Diana Dods, the illegitimate daughter of the 15th Earl of Morton and the close friend of Mary Shelley. Having worked successfully as a writer under the pseudonym David Lyndsay, she appears to have fashioned an entire life for herself as a man, calling herself Walter Sholto Douglas.

Betty Bennett believes that in 1826 Mary Diana Dods rescued the reputation of her unmarried friend, the coquette Isabella Robinson (1809–1869), by “marrying” her in the persona of Walter Sholto Douglas. Mary Shelley then helped the couple get passports and escape to Paris, where Adeline Douglas (Mrs Kingscote’s mother) was born soon afterwards. In Paris Mary Shelley introduced the couple to élite Anglo-French society and they mixed with intellectuals such as Stendhal and Fauriel.

Mary Diana Dods died in 1828, leaving her “wife”, Isabella Douglas, a respectable widow. Isabella’s daughter Adeline Douglas was then only about one year old and may never have known about her background. In 1840 her widowed mother married a clergyman, the Revd William Falconer. She died at the Villa Falconer near Pistoria at the age of 59 on 7 February 1869.

Henry Drummond-Wolff’s entry in Who’s Who stated that his wife was the daughter of Walter Sholto Douglas, and if Betty T. Bennett’s theory is correct, it is possible that he too was deceived about her origins.

Adeline’s childhood

In June 1859 Wolff went to work as Secretary to Sir Henry Storks, the high commissioner of the Ionian Islands, taking his wife and baby son with him, and Adeline Wolff (the future Mrs Kingscote) was born in Corfu on 16 November 1860. Their second child, Cecil James Drummond Wolff was also born there in 1864, and in that same year Wolff was created KCMG for his work in transferring the Ionian islands to Greece.

In 1868 Sir Henry Drummond-Wolff had “Boscombe Tower” built for his family in Hampshire, and the 1871 census shows Adeline’s mother living in the tower with Horace (13), Adeline (10), and Cecil (7), together with six servants, including a page.

Sir Henry became MP for Christchurch in 1874.

At the end of 1877 Adeline, aged 17, was examined in London and passed the Senior Local Examination of the University’s Delegacy of Local Examinations, which made her an Associate in Arts. (The “AA Oxford Univ” she later included in her Who’s Who entry probably led to the common misapprehension that she had been an Oxford undergraduate.) She was placed in the third (and last) division of successful candidates, satisfying the examiners in the “Rudiments of Faith and Religion” and achieving a place in the second division in several sections. Languages were her forte, and in the sectional lists she was placed sixth out of all senior candidates who sat the examinations in German.

Adeline’s father became MP for Portsmouth in 1880. At the time of the 1881 census, the only member of his family at home in Boscombe Tower was Adeline’s mother, whose cousin, Miss Louisa Beauclerk (37), was staying with her. Adeline’s father was then visiting retired lawyer John Beavan (87) in Tormoham (Torquay). Neither Adeline nor her younger brothers appear to have been in the country.

Adeline’s marriage and children

On 25 June 1885, when she was 24, Adeline Georgiana Isabella Wolff was married by special licence at St Paul’s Church, Knightsbridge to Howard Kingscote (born 29 April 1845), then a 40-year-old Lieutenant-Colonel in the army. The Bishop of Winchester officiated, assisted by the Revd Canon Nisbet and the Revd. W. Matthew Thomas, the Vicar of Boscombe. The occasion was described in the Pall Mall Gazette of 26 June as a “Primrose” wedding, as Adeline’s father had been one of the founders of the Primrose League, and all nine bridesmaids were Dames of the organization.

Following their marriage, the couple went to India with the army, and their three children were born there in quick succession:

  • Iris Adeline Harriett Augusta Kingscote (born on 5 August 1886 at Mysore, Bangalore)
  • Henry Robert Fitzhardinge Kingscote (born on 1 October 1887 and christened at Tamil Nadu, Bangalore on 26 October 1887)
  • Algernon Robert Fitzhardinge Kingscote (born on 3 December 1888 at Tamil Nadu, Bangalore).

Mrs Kingscote was thus well qualified to write her first two books: Tales of the Sun or Folklore of Southern India (1890) and The English Baby in India and How to Rear It (1893).

On 20 May 1889 Howard Kingscote reached the rank of Colonel. By 5 March 1891, when Adeline was presented to the Queen by Lady Emily Kingscote, the family had returned to England, and at the time of the 1891 census Howard and Adeline Kingscote were living at 12 Waterloo Crescent in Dover with their children Iris (4), Henry  (3), and Algernon (2) and six servants.

On 24 August 1895 Kingscote was appointed Colonel of the Oxford Regimental District and Commander of Cowley Barracks, and it was around this time that his family moved into Bury Knowle House, renaming it “The Beeches”. It was while living in Headington that Adeline Kingscote first turned to fiction, writing her first four novels there between 1895 and 1897 under the pen-name of Lucas Cleeve.

Her first novel, The Woman Who Wouldn’t (written in response to Grant Allen’s novel of 1895 called The Woman Who Did) received a bad review in The Times of 28 September 1895: the reviewer wrote that it would not interest anyone but “here and there, a prurient schoolgirl”, and that “no person with a grain of humour could have written it”. Mrs Kingscote retorted that “If one young girl is kept from a loveless, mistaken marriage, if one frivolous nature is checked in her career of flirtation by remembrance of Lady Morris, I shall perhaps be forgiven by the public for raising my feeble voice in answer to the The Woman Who Did.” Notwithstanding the first bad review, the book sold out in three weeks, and “Lucas Cleeve” continued to write prolifically.

The scandal

Mrs Kingscote became notorious in Oxford for her charm and her extravagance. In 1898 the 18-year-old solicitor’s clerk, Frank Gray (later MP for Oxford), had to go up to Bury Knowle to serve writs on her, and described her as “the finest adventuress I ever met”, adding, “I thought this woman with the consuming brown eyes was the most wonderful thing on earth.”

She also captivated (and often eventually bankrupted) the men who kept her financially afloat. First there was the Liverpool money-lender who lent her a large amount on the strength of her promise to introduce his daughter to “everybody who mattered” in the south of France, followed by the estate agent whom she duped into lending her £500 after getting him to value a country estate that (unbeknown to him) was not even hers. Then there was a Lord Byron, who had advanced her £50,373 and as a result went bankrupt in May 1899. Finally there were two local men of the cloth who stood surety for her: the Revd John Holford Scott-Tucker (Vicar of Headington) and the Revd George Moore (Vicar of Cowley, and a man usually known for settling disputes with his fists).

In 1899 Mrs Kingscote went bankrupt to the tune of £100,000 (then a tremendous sum), bringing the two Vicars down with her. The sensational court case was reported in great detail week after week in Jackson’s Oxford Journal, and also made the national press:

  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 29 April 1899: “Lord Byron’s financial affairs”
  • The Times, 4 May 1899: “The affairs of Lord Byron”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 6 May 1899: “The affairs of Lord Byron: £50,000 advanced to Mrs Kingscote”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 27 May 1899: “Failure of the Vicar of Cowley”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 10 June 1899: (1) “Lord Byron’s bankruptcy” and (2) “Vicar of Cowley in the Bankruptcy Court”
  • The Times, 29 June 1899: “A Clergyman’s Failure”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 1 July 1899: “Local Bankruptcy Cases: John Holford Scott”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 8 July 1899: (1) “The Bankruptcy of the Vicar of Headington” and (2) “The affair of Lord Byron”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 22 July 1899: (1)  “A local cause celebre” and (2) “Bankruptcy of the Vicars of Cowley and Headington: The Kingscote loans: Extraordinary disclosures: Threats of criminal proceedings”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 29 July 1899: “Bankruptcy of the Vicars of Cowley and Headington: Adjourned examination: Further disclosures; The bankruptcy of Lord Byron: Where is Mrs Kingscote?”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 5 August 1899: “Lord Byron’s failure: Mrs Kingscote’s extraordinary letters”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 12 August 1899: “Mrs Howard Kingscote as a match maker: Sequel to an extraordinary wedding”
  • The Times, 3 August 1899: “The bankruptcy of Lord Byron”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 26 August 1899: “Oxford Bankruptcy Court: Vicar of Headington’s failure; Revd George Moore’s bankruptcy”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 7 October 1899: (1) “Bullingdon Petty Sessions: The Vicar of Cowley & a Manchester accountant: Serious charge dismissed” ; (2) “Oxford Bankruptcy Court: The failure of the Rev. Scott-Tucker” and (3) “Lord Byron’s failure”
  • The Times, 12 October 1899: “The affairs of Lord Byron”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 2 December 1899: “Mrs Kingscote’s financial transactions”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 9 December 1899: “Mrs Kingscote’s financial transactions”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 10 February 1900: “The bankruptcy of the Rev. J. H. Scott-Tucker: Order for discharge refused”
  • Jackson’s Oxford Journal, 21 July 1900: “Mrs Kingscote’s financial transactions: A husband’s liability”

Adeline Kingscote does not appear to have pined away at her disgrace or the prospect of losing all her possessions as a result of bankruptcy; in fact, when the young solicitor’s clerk Frank Gray paid his last visit to her, she copied out the words “Victoria by the Grace of God, Queen Defender of the Faith” from the writ he served on her and used them as the opening words of her next novel, What a woman will do (1900). She did not stay in England, however, to see the humiliation of the Vicars of Headington and Cowley at the Oxford Bankruptcy Court in July 1899: her husband testified that she had already fled to Switzerland.

On 9 September 1899 the following appeared in Jackson’s Oxford Journal:

Retirement of Colonel Kingscote.—It is reported that Colonel H. Kingscote, commanding the 43rd (Oxfordshire Light Infantry) Regimental District is about to retire on half-pay. This officer was wounded in the Bhootan campaign of the ’sixties, and received the medal with clasp.

Sale of contents of Bury Knowle House

The contents of Bury Knowle House had to go under the hammer in June 1899. The sale was held on the premises by J. R. Mallam & Son, and its catalogue provides a snapshot of life in a Headington mansion during the last century. Everything in the house that belonged to the Kingscotes is itemized, from the chandelier in the dining room to the slop-pails in the housemaid’s closet, and from the Moët et Chandon champagne in the cellar to the last heap of manure in the yard.

Bury Knowle House (which the Kingscotes had renamed “The Beeches”) was a very large house, as it already included the rear wing (added by the previous owners, the Fieldens), and the auction of its contents took place over four days.

Adeline in Switzerland, and her death

Adeline’s husband and three children do not appear to have been in England at the time of the 1901 census. Howard Kingscote separated from his wife but did not divorce his her, and she listed him as her husband in Who’s Who right up to her death.

Adeline spent the rest of her life in Switzerland, and remained irrepressible. It must have been in about 1901 that she met the American Joseph Hergesheimer, then 21, and (according to his obituary in The Times of 26 April 1954) inspired him to become a novelist. In her last entry in Who’s Who, she claimed that her education was at the “School for Scandal”; for her career she put “Chequered and varied career, great traveller and linguist”; and she recorded her recreations as “Riding, cycling”.

Her output in Switzerland increased to between five and eight books a year, bringing her total oeuvre to 65 books when she died at Château d’Œx on 13 September 1908 at the age of 48. She wrote so prolifically right up to the last moment that six of her books were not published until after her death.

Her obituary in The Times of 16 September 1908 read:

The death occurred on Sunday, at Château d’Oex, Switzerland, of Mrs. Adeline Georgiana Isabel Kingscote, better known by her pen name of “Lucas Cleeve.” She was the daughter of Sir Henry Drummond Wolff and the wife of Colonel Howard Kingscote. She was a great traveller and linguist, and wrote some books of travel, but she will be chiefly remembered by her novels. Possessed of considerable facility of style and a vivid imagination, she appealed to a large body of readers, not, perhaps, the most critical. Nevertheless, her work had a certain power, though it was of singularly varying merit. Her best known works were “The Real Christian”, “Blue Lilies”, “Eileen”, “The Secret Church”, and “Her Father’s Soul”.

Books by Adeline Kingscote

The books in this list were written under the pen-name Lucas Cleeve unless otherwise indicated. Those marked with an asterisk were selected by Adeline Kingscote for her Who’s Who entry.


Tales of the sun; or Folklore of southern India*
(collected by Mrs H. Kingscote and Pandit Natêsa Sástrî)


“The decline of Indian taste. Contemporary English art” (article, Georgiana Kingscote)


The English baby in India, and how to rear it (Mrs H. Kingscote)*


Life of Eugenie Berni*
In the Ricefields*


The woman who wouldn’t*


Lazarus. A tale of the earth’s great miracle*


The Water Finder*


The Monks of the Holy Tear*


What a woman will do
The world’s blackmail
Yolande the Parisienne.
A dream of the twentieth century


What men call love
Plato’s handmaiden
Mostly fools and a duchess
As the twig is bent
Mary Anne of Parchment Buildings
The real Christian


Woman and Moses
Blue lilies
His Italian wife
The magic of Rome
The purple of the Orient


The man in the street
The indiscretion of Gladys
From Crown to Cross
Free soil, free soul


Our lady of beauty. Being the story of the love of Charles VII, King of France, and Agnes Sorelle, Demoiselle de Fromenteau*
Lady Sylvia
The children of endurance
The fool killer


Mademoiselle Nellie
Stolen waters
Saint Elizabeth of London
The dreamer
The progress of Priscilla


Soul twilight
The secret church
Billy’s wife
Love and the king
Seven nights in a gondola
The confessions of a climber
Counsels of the night
A double marriage


Her father’s soul
The mascotte of Park Lane
The rose geranium
The confessions of a widow
Nathan Todd. A story of modern Virginia
Dollar city
The fool’s tax


A woman’s aye and nay
The love seekers
(written as Mary Walpole)
The Cardinal and Lady Susan
What woman wills
An old man’s darling
The hoverers


Bruised lilies
The one moment
The arbitrator


Lady Susan and not the Cardinal
Rosabel. A story of the greater love
Friends of fate


The love letters of a faithless wife

In The Love letters of a faithless wife, which was published after her death, Adeline appears to reveal some of her own feelings. The fictitious wife, Hertha, is only 27, but feels so neglected by her husband, Captain Ralph Atherton, that she considers taking lovers; but in the end she does not succumb. Hertha felt that she “might do all that is worst in one way, but she would still be sublime in others”, and that there were two classes of husband: “The men who love again anywhere and everywhere, and who are unfaithful; and the men who, when they have married a wife, don’t want to love or be loved any more.” Hertha has the latter kind of husband, and asks:

“Why can I not be as other women are, content with a cold, unmeaning kiss, an occasional kindly word in the midst of how many angry ones; content to see the dear children at play, and to order the household, and inquire into the price of meat, and of groceries and of vegetables?”

Postscript: What became of Adeline Kingscote’s family?

Adeline’s parents

Sir Henry Drummond Charles Wolff (1830–1908)

Sir Henry was British ambassador in Madrid from 1892 to October 1900, when he retired at the age of 70. He was living with his wife at 28 Cadogan Place, Chelsea at the time of the 1901 census. They then moved to 128 King’s Road, Brighton, where Sir Henry died on 11 October 1908, just one month after the death of his daughter.

Lady Wolff (Adeline “Douglas”) (1826/7–1916)

Lady Wolff was granted a civil-list pension in 1909 following the death of her husband. At the time of the 1911 census she was the head of the household at 6 Ashburnham Mansions, Chelsea. Her married son, Cecil Drummond Wolff (47), was with her, but not his wife, and they only had one servant. Lady Wolff died at her grace-and-favour apartment at Hampton Court on 31 March 1916, and her age in the death register is (for once) correctly given as 89.

Adeline’s husband

Colonel Howard Kingscote (1845–1917)

Colonel Kingscote ceased to be Colonel of the Oxford Regimental District on 13 September 1899, and retired from the army altogether on 29 April 1902. Just a year after Adeline’s death, on 28 September 1909 at Summertown Church, Howard Kingscote, described as a retired colonel of 10 Eaton Terrace, London, married his second wife, Mrs Annie Glover (née Foster) of 160 Banbury Road, Oxford, and his and Adeline's son Henry was one of the witnesses.

At the time of the 1911 census Howard and Annie were living at The Elms in Iver, Buckinghamshire. Howard (65) was described as a retired army colonel, and his son Henry was living with them, while Annie (40) was accompanied by her fifteen-year-old daughter Violet. They had three servants. Colonel Kingscote died at the age of 71 on 17 March 1917 (death registered Eton district).

Adeline’s three children and their families

(1) Iris Adeline Harriett Kingscote (1886–1970)

Iris, born on 5 August 1886, was nearly 13 in 1899 when her mother fled to Switzerland. She married Cajus Maria Albrecht Michael Franz Graf von Praschma, son of Friedrich Wilhelm Graf von Praschma and Elizabeth Helena Maria Therese zu Stolberg-Stolberg, on 15 February 1909 in London. Iris died at the age of 83 on 8 June 1970 at Wollmarshofen, Germany.

Iris Kingscote had four children:

  • Friedrich Heinrich Justinus Falcon Cajus Graf von Praschma (born on 14 April 1910, died 28 July 1944);
  • Sigismund Ludwig Karl Josef Melchior Graf von Praschma (born on 8 October 1912);
  • Maria Monika Iris Hedwig Henriette Gräfin von Praschma (born on 4 May 1922);
  • Peter Thedor Ignatius Maria Graf von Praschma (born on 31 July 1925, died 13 November 1991).

(2) Henry Robert Fitzhardinge Kingscote (born 1887)

Henry, born on 1 October 1887, was nearly 12 in 1899 when his mother fled the country. In 1911 he was staying with his father and stepmother in Buckinghamshire. He worked as a clerk for the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, and was detained in Vienna in the First World War: there was a request from his father, Colonel Howard Kingscote of Iver, Buckinghamshire, for his release as unfit for military service. Henry married Violet Wetherald Glover on 5 December 1923, and was living at Kintbury in Berkshire in 1952.

Henry Kingscote had two daughters:

  • Aldena Elizabeth Kingscote (born on 25 November 1924). She was married in the North-West Surrey registration district in the first quarter of 1950, but details are unclear.
  • Daphne Anne Kingscote (born on 19 April 1928). She was married in the Newbury registration district in the third quarter of 1952, but details unclear.

(3) Algernon Robert Fitzhardinge Kingscote (1888–1964)

Algernon, born on 3 December 1888, was ten years old when his mother fled the country in 1899. At the time of the 1911 census he was a Second Lieutenant living in barracks at Plympton, Devon. He fought in the First World War between 1914 and 1919, where he was mentioned in despatches three times: he gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in the service of the Royal Artillery, and was decorated with the award of Military Cross. Algernon married Marjorie Paton Hindley on 9 September 1919.

Algernon was a tennis champion, and The Times of 18 February 1919 states that he learnt the game “on the picturesque courts of the Château d’Oex Club in Switzerland”, which suggests that he lived with his mother in exile. He won the men’s singles event at the Australasian Championships in 1919 and competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, beating the Olympic record for tennis singles.

Kingscote cigarette card

Left: cigarette card showing Algernon Kingscote. The text on the back reads:

29. A. R. F. Kingscote. Lt.-Col. Kingscote, M.C., was born in India, 1888, his mother being “Lucas Cleeve,” the novelist. He won the Championship of Switzerland, 1908. Made a name in lawn tennis before the War, and was a member of the British Davis Cup team which visited America in 1914. In 1919 Kingscote reached the final of the All-Comers’ singles at Wimbledon, and captained the British Davis Cup team which challenged Australia in Sydney. In 1920 won Australian Singles Championship, and also had a five set match with W. T. Tilden at Wimbledon. One of the soundest British players of the past ten years.

He had three children:

  • Marjorie Faith Kingscote (born on 14 July 1920)
  • Rachel Joy Kingscote (born on 16 May 1922)
  • David Fitzhardinge Kingscote (born on 23 June 1925, died on 5 September 1945).

Algernon Kingscote fought in the Second World War between 1940 and 1942. He died on 21 December 1964 (death registered North-West Surrey district).

Adeline’s two brothers and their families

(1) Horace Henry Drummond Wolff (1858–1889/90)

Horace was married to Mary Stephanie Claughton in the third quarter of 1887 in St George’s, Hanover Square but died three years later (registered Farnham district first quarter of 1890), and they do not appear to have had any children. His widow was living with two other widows (who between them had ten servants) at 24 Curzon Street, Mayfair at the time of the 1891 census.

(2) Cecil Drummond Wolff (1864–1982)

Cecil was a Private Secretary lodging at 27 Pall Mall at the time of the 1891 census, and staying with his mother at 6 Ashburnham Mansions, Chelsea in 1911. He and his wife Zaida had the following children:

  • Zaida Cecile Drummond Wolff (1896–1878)
    Zaida was born on 27 October 1896. She married William John Montagu Watson-Armstrong, 2nd Baron Armstrong at Bushey, Hertfordshire on 27 October 1917. She died on 15 February 1978.
    Her son, William Henry Cecil John Robin Watson-Armstrong, 3rd Baron Armstrong, was born on 6 March 1919 and died on 1 October 1987.
  • Henry Drummond-Wolff (1899–1982)
    Henry was born on 16 July 1899. He was educated at Radley and Sandhurst, and served in the Royal Air Force in 1917. He married Margaret Fahnestock on Rhode Island in 1933, Henry was MP for Basingstoke in 1934/5 and wrote a number of books on the Commonwealth and the Common Market: see Who Was Who for his full career. He had just one child:
    Georgiana Drummond-Wolff, born in London in 1934 (registered in Marylebone fourth quarter).

Adeline Kingscote and her father and paternal grandfather have entries
in the Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
The ODNB online is available free to many public library users, including those in Oxfordshire:
enter L followed immediately by your library ticket number in the “Library Card Login” box

© Stephanie Jenkins

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